The Rosary is derived from the Latin word "rosarium" which means "crown of roses" or "garland of roses." For Catholics, the Rosary is a form of prayer that is used interchangeably with the prayer beads. Pious tradition has it that the idea of the Rosary was given to Saint Dominic when the Virgin Mary appeared to him in the year 1214. This Marian apparition is given the title of "Our Lady of the Rosary". The Dominican priest and theologian Alanus de Rupe promoted the practice of the Rosary by establishing the "15 rosary promises" and founding several rosary confraternities.
In the 16th century, Pope Pius V established the standard 15 Mysteries of the Rosaries which are grouped into 3, the Joyful Mysteries, the Sorrowful Mysteries and the Glorious Mysteries. In 2002, Pope John Paul II added a set of 5 to the existing 15 mysteries and these became known as the Luminous Mysteries. Today, the total number of mysteries is 20.
The Rosary is prayed in order to remember certain principal events in the history of our salvation and the key moments in the life of Jesus and Mary. One reflects on 20 mysteries in the Rosary. These are divided into the 5 Joyful Mysteries which are recited on Monday and Saturday, the 5 Luminous Mysteries recited on Thursday, the 5 Sorrowful Mysteries recited on Tuesday and Friday, and the 5 Glorious Mysteries recited on Wednesday and Sunday. As an exception, the Joyful Mysteries are recited on Sundays during Advent and Christmas, while the Sorrowful Mysteries can be recited on the Sundays of Lent.
The mysteries that are contemplated in the Rosary are based on the incidents in the life of Jesus Christ and His Mother that are celebrated in the Liturgy. There is said to be a parallel between the main feasts honoring our Jesus and his Mother in the liturgical year, and the 20 mysteries of the Rosary. As a result, one who recites the 20 mysteries of the Rosary in one day reflects on the whole liturgical cycle that the Church commemorates during the course of each year. Some of the Popes have referred to the Rosary as a compendium of the Gospel .
You can follow the Rosary as recited in Person or follow the Pray along Version of the Rosary below.
Rosary in English: After the mass
Rosary in Konkani: After the mass